Sociological Perspectives and Affiliated Theories Explaining Crime
A crime is a violation of a formally enacted law. this is violence of any kind
or aggression against individuals or society. This is part of the deviation of form, the robbery,
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Murder, theft and assault. Crime has been influenced by or associated with culture for many years.
Different types of crime occur in different cultures; a particular crime may predominate in a person
culture, but not another culture. For example, smoking marijuana is considered a crime in some countries
countries rather than certain countries. Crime has also evolved historically. deemed action
The crimes of the early 19th century are not considered current. For example identify
Same-sex attraction was criminalized in the United States in the early 1990s, but is now legal.
Sociologically Explained Deviant Behavior
Functionalism is based on the macro level of social structure, seeing society as a whole
A combination of components that work together to ensure social stability. each part is
vital to the functioning of society. Functionalists believe crime is inevitable
Necessary for the betterment of society. In the Openstax study, crime has three functions:
Identify what is acceptable behavior, strengthen social bonds and solidarity, and promote it
Social reforms oriented to the needs of the people.
Conflict point of view states that when there is inequality there is a problem in society
The relationship between the ruling group and other groups in society. Thus, this view views crime as a
Consequences and Proofs of Inequality (Openstax). emphasis on symbolic interactionism
Relationships among community members. it says reality is what people build it to be
Acceptable norms are those that most people consider correct and reasonable
(open tax). Crimes are not seen as the actions of the people involved, but as a reaction to them
behavior of others. Therefore, various acts do not necessarily have to be characterized as criminal
Depends on how people react.
Application of Theory of Aspects of Crime
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Strain and differential association theories can also explain crime. stress theory
Explain that crime stems from the pressure of social factors such as low income and low quality
Education (Prout). Therefore, people engage in criminal activities to improve their standard of living.
Differential association theory states that criminality is learned from interactions with people
Participation (Prout). This is why people sin because everyone around them sins
Investigating crime at a macro level
Economic and racial/ethnic inequalities shape crime. According to Kirchmaier and Villa-
In Llera, poor people commit most of the crime. The high crime rate has something to do with it
Negroes (Isom Scott and Grosholz 1461). Conflicting views can be explained
The increase in crime is due to factors such as income inequality. crimes by the poor, such as
Robbery is done to increase income, better social status and standard of living. load
The theory can also be applied to crimes committed by people burdened by their circumstances
Improve conditions. Existing social control mechanisms are formal types of rule application
Laws are written, formal and enforced. so that someone breaks the rules
Imprisonment and other consequences.
Micro-Experiences of Abnormal Behavior
I have been caught consuming adult content; pornography from my guardian. differential
Associative theory may explain my experience. After listening to some students discuss
Porn videos, I was curious and watched them later at home. breaking the rules is not too much
Consuming or producing adult content such as pornographic videos. eating is taboo
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pornography. I was grounded for three weeks and given a speech mixed with angry comments
Because it violates the norm.
Verbal admonition is one of the social mechanisms that exist through the face-to-face mechanism
and disapproving expressions. In short, crime is a deviant behavior that can be explained by various theories
explain. Violations of social norms are sanctioned differently depending on the type
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Isom Scott, Deena A. and Jessica M. Grosholz. “Unraveling racial disparities in crime
A general strain theory perspective on racialization. ” Deviant Behavior, Volume 40, Number 12,
2018, pp. 1445-63. Cross reference, https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2018.1519127.
Taxation” 7.2 Theoretical perspectives on deviance and crime – Introduction to Sociology 3e |
OpenStax. “Openstax.Org, Rice University, 2022, openstax.org/books/introduction-
Prout, Todd. “Sociological Theory of Criminology”. National University, July 27, 2021
Kirchmaier, Tom and Carmen Villa-Llera. “Poverty and crime: COVID and the ‘new’
normal. “SSRN Electronic Journal, 2020. Cross Reference,