Collection of information on individuals planning and carrying out terrorist acts against a State as part of the State’s counter-terrorism activities. The primary goal is to maintain the integrity of global defenses while maintaining public safety. Indeed, protecting individuals within a country from serious international crimes such as terrorism is one of the most important and fundamental human rights responsibilities of a state (Bonfanti, 2018). Intelligence is essential in preventing terrorist attacks and helping law enforcement apprehend terrorist suspects, both before and after an actual attack. Intelligence has long been a key component of counterterrorism efforts to identify, track, and “neutralize” terrorist non-state actors. When new technologies are used responsibly, states may be better able to defend citizens’ right to life while respecting other human rights norms such as transparency, proportionality and the absence of unreasonable discrimination (McKendrick, 2019). The same regulatory structure could also help prevent broader misuse of related technologies. The ability to conduct surveillance without resource constraints has increased due to developments in artificial intelligence. For example, facial recognition technology will enable the complete automation of CCTV surveillance in public areas in the near future. continue….